HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO NASA
Fifty years ago, on July 29, 1958, President Dwight Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, leading to the birth of NASA on Oct. 1, 1958. A woman named Eileen Galloway, born just 3 years after the Wright Brothers made their historic first flight, helped make it all happen.
Eileen worked in the Library of Congress, researching and writing House and Senate documents including
“Guided Missiles in Foreign Countries,” released just before the Soviets launched Sputnik in October 1957.
U.S. Senator Lyndon B. Johnson asked her to help with Congressional hearings in 1958 that led to the creation of NASA and America’s entry into the Space Race. She helped write the legislation, emphasizing international cooperation and peaceful exploration. Later, she served as America’s representative in drafting treaties governing the exploration and uses of outer space and launched the field of space law and international space law.
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